Teen pregnancy and birth rate distributions included outliers, but these outliers did not cause the distributions within abstinence education levels to differ significantly from normal, thus all outliers were included in subsequent analyses. The data are reported as number of teen pregnancies, teen births or teen abortions per one thousand female teens between 15 and 19 years of age. Ethnic composition We determined the proportion of the three major ethnic groups white, black, Hispanic in the teen population 15—19 years old for each state  , and assessed whether the teen pregnancy, abortion and birth rates across states were correlated with the ethnic composition of the teen population. These policies may be published as Health Education standards or Public Education codes . Nearly all such programs contain material and messages that would be alarming and offensive to the overwhelming majority of parents. Teen pregnancy, abortion and birth data Data on teen pregnancy, birth and abortion rates were retrieved for the 48 states from the most recent national reports, which cover data through  , . The study zeroed in on four programs, selected for their variety of approaches, and followed students for four to six years. Except for teen abortion rates and Hispanic teen population data, all variables were normally distributed. Socio-economics To account for cost-of-living differences across the US, we used the adjusted median household income for for each state from the Council for Community and Economic Research:
For all further statistical analyses we used SPSS . There is no evidence that abstinence-only programs reduce the rate of teen sexual activity. Results Among the 48 states in this analysis all U. Socio-economics To account for cost-of-living differences across the US, we used the adjusted median household income for for each state from the Council for Community and Economic Research: Have you been to a sex ed lesson - it's hardly the highlights of the Kama Sutra. Teen pregnancy and birth rate distributions included outliers, but these outliers did not cause the distributions within abstinence education levels to differ significantly from normal, thus all outliers were included in subsequent analyses. Telling a person not to do something only makes them want to do it more, especially when they are exposed to it on a daily basis wherever they turn. We determined which states had received permission as of from the Federal Medicaid program to extend Medicaid eligibility for family planning services to large numbers of individuals whose incomes are above the state-set levels for Medicaid enrollment . But abstinence-only programs aren't having much success. These data are based on median household income from the Current Population Survey for from the U. Not only do such activities carry their own risks for youth, but they are also likely to increase the incidence of sexual intercourse. To account for the ethnic diversity among the teen populations in the different states in a multivariate analysis of teen pregnancy and birth rates, we included only the proportion of white and black teens in the state populations as covariates, because the Hispanic teen population numbers were not normally distributed see below. I do believe that contraception has to be part of that education process. As a result, we only report the results for the non-parametric correlations here. We tested for homogeneity of error variances Levene's Test and for equality of covariance matrices Box test between groups. In general, teen pregnancy rates are calculated based on reported teen birth and abortion rates, along with an estimated miscarriage rate . It's ridiculous to think that those teenagers who are not thinking about sex and are unlikely to have an early first sexual experience are going to be rendered horny maniacs just because they are taught the unglamourous facts about sex. Guidelines developed by SEICUS, for example, include teaching children aged five through eight about masturbation and teaching youths aged 9 through 12 about alternative sexual activities such as mutual masturbation, 'outercourse,' and oral sex. Correlations We used non-parametric Spearman correlations to assess relationships between variables, and for normally distributed variables we also used parametric Pearson correlations, but these results showed the same trends and significance levels as the non-parametric correlations. The study zeroed in on four programs, selected for their variety of approaches, and followed students for four to six years. In this paper we present the analyses of the more extensive 48 states law and policy data set. According to the Guttmacher Institute, the national family planning program prevents 1. The authors of the page report didn't equivocate: These policies can also provide information on how existing sex education laws may be interpreted by local school boards. Analyses of the two data sets gave essentially identical results. How many parents disagree with the notion that their teens should postpone sex? The expectation is that higher levels of abstinence education will be correlated with higher levels of abstinence behavior and thus lower levels of teen pregnancy.
Video about comprehensive sex ed vs abstinence only:
PPNT TACT Video:Abstinence-only VS. Comprehensive Sex Ed
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