Supreme Court case of Obergefell v. Hodges is not the culmination of one lawsuit. Those cases came from Michigan, Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee.
Snyder[ edit ] See also: Snyder One case came from Michigan, involving a female couple and their three children. They were foster parents. A son was born on January 25, , and adopted by Rowse in November.
A daughter was born on February 1, , and adopted by DeBoer in April A second son was born on November 9, , and adopted by Rowse in October Michigan law allowed adoption only by single people or married couples. Snyder , alleging Michigan's adoption law was unconstitutional. Richard Snyder , the lead defendant, was then governor of Michigan.
Friedman expressed reservations regarding plaintiffs' cause of action, suggesting they amend their complaint to challenge the state's ban on same-sex marriage. Supreme Court ruled in United States v. Windsor and Hollingsworth v.
Perry , hoping for guidance. Having failed to establish such an interest in the context of same-sex marriage, the [state marriage ban] cannot stand. Kasich[ edit ] Outside the Supreme Court on the morning of June 26, , James Obergefell foreground, center and attorney Al Gerhardstein foreground, left   react to its historic decision.
Two cases came from Ohio, the first ultimately involving a male couple: In June , following the U. Supreme Court's decision in United States v. They married in Maryland on July After learning that their state of residence, Ohio , would not recognize their marriage, they filed a lawsuit, Obergefell v.
Kasich, in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio Western Division, Cincinnati on July 19, , alleging that the state discriminates against same-sex couples who have married lawfully out-of-state. The lead defendant was Ohio Governor John Kasich.
The local Ohio Registrar agreed that discriminating against the same-sex married couple was unconstitutional,  but the state attorney general's office announced plans to defend Ohio's same-sex marriage ban. Black granted the couple's motion, temporarily restraining the Ohio Registrar from accepting any death certificate unless it recorded the deceased's status at death as "married" and his partner as "surviving spouse".
They had three adoptive children. His remains were being held at a Cincinnati funeral home pending the issuance of a death certificate, required before cremation, the deceased's desired funeral rite. As surviving spouse David Michener's name could not by Ohio law appear on the death certificate, he sought legal remedy, being added as a plaintiff in the case on September 3. Ohio Health Department Director Theodore Wymyslo was substituted as the lead defendant, and the case was restyled Obergefell v.
The state defendants moved to dismiss the case as moot. Judge Black, in an order dated November 1, denied the motion to dismiss. Wymyslo[ edit ] The second case from Ohio involved four couples, a child, and an adoption agency. They had a son in and were expecting another child. They were expecting a child. In , they sought the services of the adoption agency, Adoption S. They, too, were expecting a son.
The three female couples were living in Ohio, each anticipating the birth of a child later in Vitale and Talmas were living in New York with their adopted son, Child Doe, born in Ohio in and also a plaintiff through his parents.
On February 10, , the four legally married couples filed a lawsuit, Henry v. Wymyslo, also in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio Western Division, Cincinnati , to force the state to list both parents on their children's birth certificates.
Adoption agency, Adoption S. Theodore Wymyslo, the lead defendant, was then director of the Ohio Department of Health. Judge Black gave the state time to prepare its appeal of his decision by announcing on April 4 that he would issue an order on April 14 requiring Ohio to recognize same-sex marriages from other jurisdictions. Two cases came from Kentucky, the first ultimately involving four same-sex couples and their six children.
They had two children: They had four children: All resided in Kentucky. Beshear , in the United States District Court for the Western District of Kentucky Louisville Division , challenging Kentucky's bans on same-sex marriage and the recognition of same-sex marriages from other jurisdictions.
Steve Beshear , the lead defendant, was then governor of Kentucky. Beshear, with the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Kentucky , but a change of venue was ordered for convenience, with the intent formally to consolidate the case with Bourke.
Heyburn II issued the court's decision: Accordingly, Kentucky's statutes and constitutional amendment that mandate this denial are unconstitutional.
Beshear[ edit ] The second case from Kentucky, Love v. Beshear , involved two male couples. Maurice Blanchard and Dominique James held a religious marriage ceremony on June 3, Kentucky county clerks repeatedly refused them marriage licenses.
Timothy Love and Lawrence Ysunza had been living together as a couple for thirty years when, on February 13, , they were refused a marriage license at the Jefferson County Clerk's office. On February 14, the next day, the couples submitted a motion to join Bourke v.
Beshear, challenging the state's ban on same-sex marriage. Beshear, on February He found "homosexual persons constitute a quasi-suspect class ",  and ordered that Kentucky's laws banning same-sex marriage "violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, and they are void and unenforceable.
Haslam[ edit ] See also: Haslam One case came from Tennessee, involving four same-sex couples. On September 25, , they adopted two foster children.
After Mansell's job was transferred to the state, they relocated to Franklin, Tennessee, in May In May , after completing a tour of duty in Afghanistan, Sergeant DeKoe was restationed in Memphis, Tennessee, where the couple subsequently relocated.
On September 3, , the Department of Defense began recognizing their marriage, but the state did not. Valeria Tanco and Sophia Jesty married in New York on September 9, , then moved to Tennessee, where they were university professors. They were expecting their first child in On October 21, , wishing to have their out-of-state marriages recognized in Tennessee, the four couples filed a lawsuit, Tanco v.
William Edwards Haslam , the lead defendant, was then governor of Tennessee. She wrote, "At this point, all signs indicate that, in the eyes of the United States Constitution, the plaintiffs' marriages will be placed on an equal footing with those of heterosexual couples and that proscriptions against same-sex marriage will soon become a footnote in the annals of American history. Ohio's director of health appealed Obergefell v.
Wymyslo on January 16, Haslam on March Beshear and Love v. Beshear on March 18 and July 8, respectively.
Himes with Henry v. Himes for the purposes of briefing and oral argument. Beshear on July Cook , and Martha Craig Daughtrey heard oral arguments in all four cases.
Snyder, the Sixth Circuit ruled 2—1 that Ohio's ban on same-sex marriage did not violate the U. The court said it was bound by the U. Supreme Court's action in a similar case, Baker v. Nelson , which dismissed a same-sex couple's marriage claim "for want of a substantial federal question".
Because the correct result is so obvious, one is tempted to speculate that the majority has purposefully taken the contrary position to create the circuit split regarding the legality of same-sex marriage that could prompt a grant of certiorari by the Supreme Court and an end to the uncertainty of status and the interstate chaos that the current discrepancy in state laws threatens.
On November 14, , the same-sex couples, widowers, child plaintiff, and funeral director in DeBoer v. Hodges, and Tanco v. Haslam filed petitions for writs of certiorari with the Court. Adoption agency Adoption S. Beshear filed their petition for a writ of certiorari with the Court on November Constitution's Full Faith and Credit Clause. Nelson , summarily dismissing same-sex couples' marriage claims, remained binding precedent.
Supreme Court consolidated the four same-sex marriage cases challenging state laws that prohibited same-sex marriage— DeBoer v. Snyder Michigan , Obergefell v. Hodges Ohio , Bourke v. Beshear Kentucky , and Tanco v.