When to Test for Chlamydia: Chlamydia testing can take place within days from exposure, but is most accurate after 5. If negative, retesting needs to occur after 5 days have elapsed. If it comes back positive, you should retest weeks later to ensure the Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria is clear from your system. This disease is also tested during the initial pregnancy screening then again in the 3rd trimester.
You can urine test for gonorrhea and Chlamydia at the same time. Often has no symptoms. Chlamydia increases the risk of reproductive complications like infertility or ectopic pregnancy.
It can also lead to pelvic inflammatory disease. If passed to an infant during childbirth, the infant could be at risk for ophthalmia neonatorum conjunctivitis , or even pneumonia. Treatment is quick and painless, with a seven-day course of antibiotics.
Sex partners should also be treated, as re-infection is common. When to Test for Gonorrhea: Testing can take place within days from exposure. Sexually active women under 25 years of age are recommended to be tested annually.
The CDC recommends men and women at increased risk need to be tested every months. If negative, retesting needs to occur after 6 days have elapsed.
In some cases, a swab may be used. Gonorrhea often shows no symptoms. When affecting the rectum, symptoms can include discharge, itching, pain, and bleeding.
Left untreated, it can cause Pelvic Inflammatory Disease in women, ectopic pregnancy, infertility, and pelvic pain. Gonorrhea can be passed to a baby during childbirth. Gonorrhea has been curable for decades, but reports continue to emerge of antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea, which will make curing it more difficult 3. When to Test for Syphilis: Testing can take place within weeks from exposure. If negative, retesting needs to occur after 6 weeks have elapsed. When positive, after treatment retesting should occur 2 weeks later to ensure clearance of the bacteria Treponema pallidum from your system.
The CDC recommends men and women at increased risk be tested every months. Occasionally, by swab of a sore. Can have no symptoms. It can start with sores that are usually round, painless, and firm. As it progresses, symptoms include rashes, swollen lymph nodes, and fever 4. Treatment and prevention once made syphilis rare in the United States, but is now on the rise with men who have sex with men.
Tertiary syphilis has severe complications like heart, brain, and other organ problems. Neurosyphilis can occur at any time through the above stages. It affects the brain and nervous system or eyes, affecting muscle coordination, numbness, and cognition 5. If caught early, syphilis can be cured with a single injection of Bezathine penicillin G. Late syphilis can be treated with similar injections, weekly for three weeks.
When to Test for Hepatitis A: If negative, retesting needs to occur after 7 weeks have elapsed. Retesting is not necessary if positive, as your body will continue to produce antibodies and test positive for life.
Living or traveling in countries where Hepatitis A is common, or being in close contact with someone who does. Men who have sex with men, having a sex partner you know has it, drug use, or clotting disorders like hemophilia 7.
Usually makes people feel sick with yellowing of skin and eyes, abdominal pain, loss of apetite, dark urine, nausea, diarrhea, low-grade fever, and feelings tired.
Can result in hospitalization. Hepatitis A infections will typically clear on their own in healthy individuals without treatment other than rest and getting lots of fluids. When to Test for Hepatitis B: Testing should take place 6 weeks from exposure. This disease is also tested during the initial pregnancy screening, with retesting at delivery in high-risk mothers. Symptoms might include fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, stools that are clay-colored, dark urine, yellowing skin or eyes, vomiting, nausea, or abdominal pain.
Some populations are at greater risk. Thus, the CDC has strong recommendations for screening in this population. When to Test for Hepatitis C: Testing can take place 9 weeks from exposure.
Retesting needs to occur if negative after 3 months to confirm initial results. Baby boomers have a high rate of Hepatitis C. Those with symptoms associated with liver disease may also need a test for Hepatitis. Antibody test to test for past exposure.
For others, it can become chronic. Many people with chronic Hepatitis C will have no symptoms for years. Symptoms of acute infection can include fever, joint pain, abdominal pain, nausea, dark urine, and jaundice. Complications from Hepatitis C: Chronic infections can lead to GI bleeding, abdominal swelling, and cognitive changes.
Chronic infections can lead to cirrhosis of the liver. When to Test for Herpes: Testing should take place after weeks from exposure for the blood test. However, currently the CDC does not recommend this test unless there are symptoms present or similar cause for concern. Repeat testing is positive is unnecessary, as those with herpes will continue to test positive for the antibodies for life.
However, you can retest if you want to make sure you did not receive a misdiagnosis like a false negative or a false positive. Blood test, or swab. If you have a sore, doctors can swab it, but it must be done within two days of the sore appearing to be reliable. Cold sores on the mouth, or sores on the genitals, buttocks, or thigh. It is possible to have children if you have herpes, however herpes can cause complications if passed from mother to child during childbirth.
Therefore, a doctor may recommend a c-section. There is currently no cure for herpes. Herpes outbreaks can be stopped or reduced with antiviral medications like acyclovir and valocyclovir Valtrex. When to Test for HIV: Testing should take place within months from exposure when using the HIV antibody test method. There is also an early detection HIV RNA method where the minimum testing period is reduced to days, which is obviously a good option if you have reason to believe you have been exposed.
Repeat testing at 3 months and 6 months if previous tests are negative is recommended if there was significant risk. Others, though, can have flu-like symptoms weeks from exposure. There are tests recommended for women 30 and older for high-risk strains of HPV. They are performed using cell samples from the cervix that look for changes of those cells. An HPV test may be done along with a Pap test, or by itself.
There is also a certain type of Pap test that can be used to check for HPV as well, called a liquid-based Pap The test is not done on men. Many types of HPV cause no symptoms, while others cause warts or cancers. Genital warts can have many appearances. There may be other signs like pain, itching or bleeding anytime from 3 weeks to years after contracting HPV.
Due to the limited testing, usually people find out they have it when they get either genital warts or cervical cancer.
There is no cure for HPV. When to Test for Trichomoniasis: Testing should take place days after exposure. If negative, retesting needs to occur after 28 days. When positive, after the treatment course, there needs to be a retest at 30 days to ensure clearance of the causative organism. Pelvic exam for women; urethral exam or urine test for men. Most people have no symptoms. Symptoms can include burning or discomfort during or after urination, itching, irritation, and discharge.
Can increase the risk on getting other STDs, and can lead to early labor in pregnant women and low birth weight.