Read on to learn about the pros and cons of each method. Condoms You may find condoms easiest to use, as you can simply keep some handy for whenever you're ready. As well as traditional condoms, you can also buy female condoms that sit inside your vagina and around the outside of your labia. However, these may not feel as comfortable as a male condom, and can be less effective.
If used perfectly, male condoms are 98 per cent effective, and female condoms are 95 per cent effective. In typical use - where there might be mistakes or problems - the male condom is around 82 per cent effective and the female condom is 79 per cent effective FPA Many condoms are lubricated, but you may find that extra lubricant makes sex more comfortable.
Just be sure to use one that's water-soluble, as oil-based lubricants such as body creams or petroleum jelly can damage the condom and make it more likely to split FPA a. Diaphragms and caps A diaphragm or cap is a soft, circular dome made of rubber or silicone, that fits over your cervix. You use it each time you want to have sex FPA b. Your doctor or nurse can fit your diaphragm or cap six weeks after you've had your baby FSRH By six weeks your cervix will have settled into its new, post-pregnancy shape.
A diaphragm or cap is between 92 per cent and 96 per cent effective, if used perfectly with a sperm-killing jelly or cream spermicide FPA In typical use these forms of contraception are between 71 per cent and 88 per cent effective FPA A small amount of the progestogen hormone will pass through to your breastmilk, but it has not been shown to affect your baby FPA c.
If you take it perfectly, the mini-pill is more than 99 per cent effective FPA You have to take it at the same time each day, which can be tricky if you're busy looking after a new baby. Contraceptive injections These injections last for eight to 13 weeks. They contain the hormone progestogen NICE b. Contraceptive implants The implant is a small, thin, flexible plastic tube, which contains the hormone progestogen FPA You can have the implant any time after giving birth, including while you are breastfeeding FSRH A specially trained nurse or doctor will insert the implant into your arm.
A doctor or nurse can remove the implant any time, and your fertility will return to normal straight away FPA b. Intrauterine contraception There are two types of intrauterine contraception IUC: An intrauterine system IUS is a piece of T-shaped plastic that fits inside your uterus.
An intrauterine device IUD is a small piece of copper and plastic, which also fits inside your uterus. It does not contain any hormones NICE d. Both types of IUC are 99 per cent effective. Both can be removed at any time, and your fertility will return to normal straight away FPA a. Compared to women who are not breastfeeding, there is a higher chance that IUC will come out or cause complications for you, although the risk is still low.
Can I take the combined pill when breastfeeding? Contraceptives that use combined hormones oestrogen and progestogen are: What are the choices? If you don't want to take a pill every day, or think about contraceptives before having sex, you may prefer one of these long-acting contraceptives: But long-acting contraceptives are very effective alternatives that are worth considering.
Their advantage is that your fertility returns after you stop using them, if you change your mind in the future. Natural family planning is also known as the fertility awareness method FAM.
This relies on you understanding your menstrual cycle and pinpointing your fertile days by keeping track of your temperature , your cervical mucus , and changes in your cervix. After having a baby, your body and hormones take a while to settle down, particularly if you're breastfeeding. This can make it hard to read the signs of fertility needed for fertility awareness methods FSRH For a list of qualified natural family planning teachers, contact Fertility UK.
So its effectiveness differs a lot, between 76 per cent and 99 per cent FPA There are two types of morning-after pill also called emergency contraception. One type has to be taken sooner than the other, and the rules for taking them during breastfeeding are different.
One type is a pill containing levonorgestrel. There are several different brand names. It works if you take it up to 72 hours after having unprotected sex. However, it's much more likely to work if you take it within 24 hours EMC a. The other type of pill contains ulipristal acetate UPA , and is sold under the brand name ellaOne.
Instead, express your milk and throw it away. If it's been more than a month since you gave birth, another option is to have a copper intrauterine device IUD fitted. This is effective up to five days after you had unprotected sex. Compared to women who are not breastfeeding, there is a higher chance that it will come out or cause complications for you, although the risk is still low.
Where else can I get advice about contraception? Your health visitor, GP or local family planning clinic can help you at any time. Your pharmacist can also help with some methods, including the morning-after pill in many cases. You can also contact the Family Planning Association for more information on all the different types of contraception and where to find a clinic.