The group overshot Monterey in the fog and when they reached modern-day Pacifica , ascended Sweeney Ridge and saw the San Francisco Bay. Thinking the bay was too wide to cross, the group retraced their journey to Monterey, and never became aware of the Golden Gate entrance to the Bay.
The area was under the control of the viceroy of Mexico and ultimately under the control of Spain. On November 29, , Pueblo de San Jose de Guadalupe now the city of San Jose a few miles to the south of what was to be Palo Alto was established by order of the viceroy despite the displeasure of the local mission.
The Mexican War of Independence ending in led to Mexico becoming an independent country, though San Jose did not recognize rule by the new Mexico until May 10, Mexico proceeded to sell off or grant much of the mission land. Mexican citizens in the area could choose to become United States citizens, and their land grants were to be recognized if they chose to do so though many legal disputes arose over this.
She and her husband Rafael Soto who had died in had settled in near present day Newell and Middlefield roads and sold supplies. Upon Coppinger's death in , Maria inherited it and later married a visiting boat captain, John Greer. Greer Avenue and Court are named for him.
In , it was whittled down in the courts to 6, acres It was ruined in the earthquake and its lumber was used to build a large barn nearby, which was said to have lingered until the early s. On April 10, , acres 1. The name of Mayfield was later attached the community that started nearby.
On September 23, , the Crosby land was transferred to Sarah Wallis to satisfy a debt he owed her. Also shows Stanford University still under construction at the time Many of the Spanish names in the Palo Alto area represent the local heritage, descriptive terms and former residents. Yerba Buena was to her credit. Rinconada was the major Mexican land grant name.
Coutts named his property Ayrshire Farm. His fanciful brick foot-tall brick tower near Matadero Creek likely marked the south corner of his property. Leland Stanford started buying land in the area in for a horse farm, called the Palo Alto Stock Farm. Stanford bought Ayrshire Farm in In , Stanford came to Mayfield, interested in founding his university there. He had a train stop created near his school on Mayfield's downtown street, Lincoln Street now named California Avenue. However, he had one condition: Known for its 13 rowdy saloons, Mayfield rejected his requests for reform.
This led him to drive the formation of a new Temperance Town with the help of his friend Timothy Hopkins of the Southern Pacific Railroad who bought acres 3.
Stanford set up his university, Stanford University , and a train stop on University Avenue by his new town. This new community was initially called University Park the name "Palo Alto" at that time was attached to what is now College Terrace , but, was incorporated in with the name Palo Alto. With Stanford's support, saloon days faded and Palo Alto grew to the size of Mayfield. On July 2, , Palo Alto voters approved the annexation of Mayfield and the two communities were officially consolidated on July 6, This saga explains why Palo Alto has two downtown areas: The Mayfield News wrote its own obituary four days later: It is with a feeling of deep regret that we see on our streets today those who would sell, or give, our beautiful little city to an outside community.
We have watched Mayfield grow from a small hamlet, when Palo Alto was nothing more than a hayfield, to her present size … and it is with a feeling of sorrow that we contemplate the fact that there are those who would sell or give the city away.
Palo Alto continued to annex more land including the Stanford Shopping Center area in Large amounts of land west of Foothill Expressway were annexed between and ; This is mostly undeveloped and includes Foothill Park and Arastradero Preserve.
The last major annexations were of Barron Park in and, in , a large area of marshlands bordering the bay. Professorville, now a registered national historic district, is bounded by Kingsley, Lincoln, and Addison avenues and the cross streets of Ramona, Bryant, and Waverley.
The district includes a large number of well-preserved residences dating from the s, including Kingsley, Lincoln and Kingsley. The Federal Telegraph laboratory site, situated at Channing, is a California Historical Landmark recognizing Lee de Forest 's invention of the vacuum tube and electronic oscillator at that location. While not open to the public, the garage that housed the launch of Hewlett Packard is located at Addison Avenue. Hewlett Packard recently restored the house and garage.
A second historic district on Ramona Street can be found downtown between University and Hamilton Avenues. It is also home to the second oldest opera company in California, the West Bay Opera.
Palo Alto, California is also home to a long standing baseball tradition: The Palo Alto Oaks. The Oaks were originally managed by Tony Makjavich for 49 years. The Oaks have a rich history within the Palo Alto community. It consists of two large parcels of land connected by a narrow corridor. Several major transit routes cross this parcel from the north-west to the south-east.
Interstate is parallel and crosses the narrow corridor of land that connects the two parcels that make up Palo Alto. According to the United States Census Bureau , the city has a total area of Water[ edit ] Palo Alto is crossed by several creeks that flow in the direction of north to San Francisco Bay, Adobe Creek near its eastern boundary, San Francisquito Creek on its western boundary, and Matadero Creek in between the other two.
Environmental features[ edit ] Palo Alto has a number of significant natural habitats, including estuarine , riparian , and oak forest. Many of these habitats are visible in Foothill Park, which is owned by the city. The Charleston Slough contains a rich marsh and littoral zone, providing feeding areas for a variety of shorebirds and other estuarine wildlife.
Typically, in the warmer months, as the sun goes down, the fog bank flows over the foothills to the west and covers the night sky, thus creating a blanket that helps trap the summer warmth absorbed during the day.
Fog from the Pacific rolling over the Foothills In January, average temperatures range from In July, average temperatures range from Due to the Santa Cruz Mountains to the west, there is a " rain shadow " in Palo Alto, resulting in an average annual rainfall of only Measurable rainfall occurs on an average of 57 days annually.
The wettest year on record was with The most rainfall in one month was Measurable snowfall is very rare in downtown Palo Alto, but 1.