Bathsheba was the daughter of Eliam 2 Samuel Her father is identified by some scholars[ who? Bathsheba was the wife of Uriah the Hittite. David's first interactions with Bathsheba are described in 2 Samuel 11 , and are omitted in the Books of Chronicles. David, while walking on the roof of his palace, saw a very beautiful woman bathing. He ordered enquiries and found out that she was Bathsheba, wife of Uriah.
He desired her and later made her pregnant. The text in the Bible does not explicitly state as to whether Bathsheba consented to sex or not. But Uriah was unwilling to violate the ancient kingdom rule applying to warriors in active service. After repeated efforts to convince Uriah to have sex with Bathsheba the king gave the order to his general, Joab , that Uriah should be placed on the front lines of the battle, where Uriah would be more likely to die.
David had Uriah himself carry the message that led to his death. After Uriah has been killed, David married Bathsheba. William Blake 's painting Bathsheba at the Bath currently held by Tate Britain  David's action was displeasing to the Lord, who sent Nathan the prophet to reprove the king.
After relating the parable of the rich man who took away the one little ewe lamb of his poor neighbor 2 Samuel The king at once confessed his sin and expressed sincere repentance.
Bathsheba's first child by David was struck with a severe illness and died, unnamed, a few days after birth, which the king accepted as his punishment.
Nathan also noted that David's house would be punished for Uriah's murder. Bathsheba later gave birth to David's son Solomon. In David's old age, Bathsheba secured the succession to the throne by Solomon instead of David's elder surviving sons by his other wives, such as Chileab 2 Samuel 3: David's punishment came to pass years later when one of David's much-loved sons, Absalom , led an insurrection that plunged the kingdom into civil war.
Moreover, to manifest his claim to be the new king, Absalom had sexual intercourse in public with ten of his father's concubines, which could be considered a direct, tenfold divine retribution for David's taking the woman of another man. The assumption is then that these two Eliams are the same person. This would then explain why Ahitophel, one of David's chief advisers, chose the side of Absalom during his rebellion.
However in 1 Chronicles the names are very different: Bathsheba is called Bathshua the daughter of Ammiel in 1 Chronicles 3: And in the list of David's thirty in 1 Chronicles Some have also questioned if Ahithophel would have been old enough to have a granddaughter .
In Rabbinic literature[ edit ] Bathsheba was the granddaughter of Ahithophel , David's famous counselor. The Haggadah states that Ahithophel was misled by his knowledge of astrology into believing himself destined to become king of Israel. He therefore induced Absalom to commit an unpardonable crime 2 Sam. His astrological information had been, however, misunderstood by him; for in reality it only predicted that his granddaughter, Bathsheba, the daughter of his son Eliam, would become queen Sanh.
Bathsheba was bathing, perhaps behind a screen of wickerwork. Satan is depicted as coming in the disguise of a bird. David, shooting at the bird, strikes the screen, splitting it; thus Bathsheba is revealed in her beauty to David Sanhedrin a. Christianity[ edit ] In Matthew 1: Bathsheba is recognized as the archetypal example of the Queen Mother, foreshadowing the role of the Blessed Virgin Mary as Queen of Heaven.
Bathsheba's son, King Solomon, rises to greet her, bows down in veneration, and furnishes her a seat at his right hand. This demonstrates her exalted status and share in the royal kingdom.
Mary, who is mother of Christ the King , is accorded the highly-favored status as the Queen Mother in the Kingdom of God, and continues to intercede on behalf of the faithful who pray to her. While David was walking on the roof of his palace, he saw Bathsheba having a bath David was the first person to break this tradition. So after Uriah was incidentally killed in the war, David married his wife, but people could hardly accept this anomalous marriage and subsequently legends were made about this marriage.
The passages in which Bath-sheba is mentioned are 2 Samuel The material contained in it is of higher historical value than that in the later strata of these books.
Budde later connected it with the Jahwist document of the Hexateuch. According to Karl Budde the interpolated portion is Smith, the whole of This does not directly affect the narrative concerning Bathsheba herself.
As this was also the name of a son of Ahithophel, one of David's heroes 2 Samuel Bailey interprets the passage from a different perspective: Richards states that the biblical text supports the innocence of Bathsheba, that David took the initiative to find out her identity and summon her, and that she was alone at the time and had no way to refuse the requests of a King.
Zucker writes that "[s]he is a victim of 'power rape'". Schmutzer stated that "David's 'taking' Bathsheba makes him responsible for her coming to him. Campbell states "The 'violation of Bathsheba' may be the least unsatisfactory terminology, especially given the ambivalence of the text's storytelling.
Coogan, the faulting of David is made clear in the text from the very beginning: And in 2 Samuel 13 the story of David's son Amnon 's rape of his sister Tamar , told so soon after the incident of Bathsheba, seems to draw a parallel between the sexual misconduct of father and son.