Each state has its own registry, with its own guidelines. Every person convicted of a sex crime must register in the state registry where they live and work. The registry is public information which means anyone can view it and find who is on it, where they live, and of what crime they were convicted. Registering as a Sex Offender Each state is different, but the bottom line is when you are convicted of any kind of sex crime as an adult, you are required to register as a sex offender upon the entry of a conviction.
In some states there are situations where someone does not have a conviction, but is somewhere in between, similar to a probation status.
Each state determines whether you are on the registry for that kind of an outcome. The entry of conviction requires the accused to register. Every time you move, every time you change your employment, you have to notify people and you have to put your name on this registry. The condition of any kind of release is that you are registered as a sex offender everywhere you go. There is no discretion and there is no situation where a judge can excuse someone who has a conviction from being on the registry.
Length of Time on the Registry The length of time an individual must stay on the registry varies by state. Everywhere you go people can know that you are on this registry. Additionally, you would not be allowed to be involved in organizations such as the Boy Scouts anymore. Someone with a robbery conviction would obviously have to notify their employer that they have a robbery conviction. If you are registered as a sex offender, however, this follows you everywhere you go.
Anyone can look on the registry to see who in their neighborhood has a conviction, for what kind of offense and when it occurred. Importance of Building a Defense Much of the judicial discretion is removed as to whether someone must register as a sex offender.
At one point, it was almost a bargaining chip. The registry affects the defense in many ways now, because it is not discretionary. A conviction for a sex crime is more of a public display of a conviction than a kidnapping or robbery. The level of defense for a sex crime is more intense because you know that the outcome is much more significant and public than it would be with any other offense.
Having an attorney who is trained for these kinds of cases is of particular importance because of the added penalties that go with these types of cases.